The Temple of Apollo housed, from the 6th century BCE, an 8 m high cult statue of the god made of wood and covered in gold. He is a god of the sun and light, prophecy and healing and patron of the arts. North of the lake was the Palaestra (gymnasium), a large court with Ionic peristyle, and a stadium about 540 feet (165 m) long. In some versions of the myth, Zeus (Leto’s lover) called on his brother Poseidon to create the island with a thrust of his trident, hence the name Delos, which signifies ‘appearance’ or ‘apparent’ in ancient Greek. The first archaeological evidence of organised communities in the, Distinctive minimalistic standing marble figurines are produced in the, Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated, Many Cycladic states join the Athenian led, Mithridates attacks and detroys the island of. To the west stood a sacred precinct, or shrine, and on the east a terrace with three important temples. The island was first inhabited in the early Bronze Age, and Mycenaean tombs have been excavated dating from the late Bronze Age. Things took a turn for the worse, however, when the island was sacked first by Mithradates VI’s general, Archelaus, in 88 BCE and then again by pirates in 69 BCE, events which brought about the island’s gradual and permanent decline. 27 Dec 2020. Frescoes; Interior view of the Delos Archaeological Museum. Collectibles Store. GREEK KEY ANCIENT GREECE. The History Addicts. The island was also a major commercial and trading centre in the 2nd and 1st centuries CE. Following the Chremonidean War (266-229 BCE), Delos became an independent polis for the next 150 years or so and was administered by a religious council of hieropoioi. The Delian League (or Athenian League) was an alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens and formed in 478 BCE to liberate eastern Greek cities from Persian rule and as a defence to possible revenge attacks from Persia following the Greek victories at Marathon, Salamis, and Plataea in the early 5th century BCE. Temple Ruins on Delos According to Greek mythology, Delos was the birthplace of Artemis and Apollo, the twin offspring of Zeus by Leto. Society & Culture Website. About Delos. Cartwright, Mark. Greek Asia Blog. The Doric temple of Apollo (mid-5th to 3rd century bce) has plain frieze motifs, scant sculptural decoration, and no interior colonnade. Delos is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Down the slope lay a sanctuary for foreign gods; the southern section reserved for Egyptian gods, the northern for Syrian. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. In this period, the island enjoyed the generous patronage of various Hellenistic kings. At the same age, soldiers took Spartan boys from their mothers, housed them in a dormitory with other boys and trained them as soldiers. Delos (dē´lôs), island, c.1 sq mi (2.6 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea [1], smallest of the Cyclades [2]. General Information on Delos. Delos is a small island in Greece, close to Mykonos. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/delos/. Column Phallus, Delosby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). The ruins are on Delos, which was the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. In the ancient times, the myth of god Apollo, god of light, and goddess Artemis having been born there rendered the island sacred: no mortal would ever be allowed to be born on its land. ... Hassocks, Samoa, Rhodes and Crete. Outside the precinct of Apollo, on the south, was an open space; between this and the precinct was a house for priests; and within it, the tombs of the Hyperborean Maidens, worshipers of Artemis. Delos (Δήλος) was one of the most sacred places of ancient Greece, and one of the most robust trade centers as well. According to mythology, Delos is the birthplace of Apollo, god of music, of true and light, and his twin sister Artemis, goddess of hunting. Ancient Greek mythology. Delos is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The earlier inhabitants of Delos built (ca 2.500 BC) their simple dwellings on the low hill Kynthos, from where they could easily inspect the sea for any approachi… The island’s independence came to an end in 166 BCE when the Romans gave control of Delos back to Athens, also making it a free trade port. It is a small flat island (3.4 square kilometers – little over 1 mi2). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, How Stuff Works - History - Delos, Greece, Fact Monster - World - Delos island, Greece. Administration changed hands when Antigonus established the League of Islanders in 314 BCE, which included Delos. Colonised from Ionia in the mid-10th century BCE, it was not, however, until the 8th century BCE that the site began to take on a religious significance in the wider Greek world. As with other major sanctuaries, Delos had a diverse complex of buildings, including a monumental gateway entrance (propylaea) to the site, a theatre (c. 300 BCE, capacity: 5,000 spectators), stadium, several stoas (for example, of Antigonus), gymnasium, hippodrome, palaestras (3rd and 2nd centuries BCE), a hippostyle hall (constructed in the 3rd century BCE) an agora (built under Theophrastus in the 2nd century BCE), and even a sacred lake, guarded by marble lions. This Is Sparta! The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. Delos is a Greek island in the Cyclades archipelago which was both an influential political force and, with its sanctuary to the god Apollo, an important religious centre in the Archaic and Classical periods. Delos is located in the southern Aegean, a few kilometers off the west coast of Mykonos.It is the smallest of the Cyclades group, having an area of 5km². When we arrived I saw 3 boats anchored with 2 of them tied onto land with a landline to avoid swinging. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Delos, measuring a mere 3 km², is a small island without any particular advantages for habitation due to its barrenness and lack of water. Already a flourishing port and cult centre, made famous through references to it in the Delian League in bce. Team of French archaeologists from 1873 CE, revealing the true extent of the immortals: the! The gods but a sacred treasury and commercial center the sacred Harbour begins the sacred. Center and also a major commercial and trading centre in the late 3rd bce. 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